Formulas and tables of English tenses in one page

You can find the formulas of the English tenses in the tables below. You can also inspect the formation of the tenses to identify the verbs, auxiliaries and the subjects better.

Verb to be (am, is, are) Sentence Formula

Subject + am/is/are + noun/adjective/preposition

The verb to be (am, is, are) Formula
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I amhere.  I am not here.  Am I here?
 You arehere.  You aren’t here.  Are you here?
 He ishere.  He isn’t here.  Is he here?
 She ishere.  She isn’t here.  Is she here?
 It ishere.  It isn’t here.  Is it here?
 We arehere.  We aren’t here.  Are we here?
 They arehere.  They aren’t here.  Are they here?

Click here for the verb to be sentence formation section

Modal “can” Sentence Formula

Subject + can + Verb (Base form)

“Can” Formula with example sentences
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I can swim.  I can not swim.  Can I swim?
 You can swim.  You can not swim. Can you swim?
 He can swim.  He can not swim.  Can he swim?
 She can swim.  She can not swim.  Can she swim?
 It can swim.  It can not swim.  Can it swim?
 We can swim.  We can not swim. Can we swim?
 They can swim.  They can not swim. Can they swim?

Click here for the modal “can” sentence formation section

Simple Present Tense Sentence Formula

Subject + Verb
Subject + do/does not + Verb
Do/Does + Subject + Verb

Simple present tense Formula with example sentences
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I speak  I don’t speak  Do you speak?
 You speak  You don’t speak  Do you speak?
 He speaks  He doesn’t speak  Does he speak?
 She speaks  She doesn’t speak  Does she speak?
 It speaks  It doesn’t speak  Does it speak?
 We speak  We don’t speak  Do we speak?
 They speak  They don’t speak  Do they speak?

Click here for the Simple Present Tense sentence formation section

Present Continuous Tense Sentence Formula

Subject + am/is/are + Verb-ing

Present continuous tense formula with example sentences
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I am working.  I am not working.  Am I working?
 You are working.  You aren’t working.  Are you working?
 He is working.  He isn’t working.  Is he working?
 She is working.  She isn’t working  Is she working?
 It is working.  It isn’t working  Is it working?
 We are working.  We aren’t working  Are we working?
 They are working.  They aren’t working  Are they working?

Click here for the Present Continuous Tense sentence formation section

Future Simple Tense Sentence Formula

Subject + will + Verb

Future simple tense formula with example sentences
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I will buy.  I won’t buy.  Will I buy?
 You will buy.  You won’t buy.  Will you buy?
 He will buy.  He won’t buy.  Will he buy?
 She will buy.  She won’t buy  Will she buy?
 It will buy.  It won’t buy  Will it buy?
 We will buy.  We won’t buy  Will we buy?
 They will buy.  They won’t buy  Will they buy?

Click here for the Future Simple Tense sentence formation section

Simple Past Tense Sentence Formula

Subject + Verb (past simple)
Subject + did not + Verb
Did + Subject + Verb

Simple Past Tense Formula with example sentences
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I watched  I didn’t watch  Did I watch?
 You watched  You didn’t watch  Did you watch?
 He watched  He didn’t watch  Did he watch?
 She watched  She didn’t watch  Did she watch?
 It watched  It didn’t watch  Did it watch?
 We watched  We didn’t watch  Did we watch?
 They watched  They didn’t watch  Did they watch?

Click here for the Simple Past Tense sentence formation section

Past Continuous Tense Sentence Formula

Subject + was/were + Verb-ing

past continuous tense Formula with example sentences
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I was going.  I was not going.  Was I going?
 You were going.  You were not going. Were you going?
 He was going.  He was not going.  Was he going?
 She was going.  She was not going.  Was she going?
 It was going.  It was not going.  Was it going?
 We were going.  We were not going. Were we going?
 They were going.  They were not going. Were they going?

Click here for the Past Continuous Tense sentence formation section

“Be going to” Future Tense Sentence Formula

Subject + am/is/are going to + Verb

“Be going to” Future Tense Formula with example sentences
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I am going to visit.  I ‘m not going to visit.  Am I going to visit?
 You are going to visit.  You aren’t going to visit.  Are you going to visit?
 He is going to visit.  He isn’t going to visit.  Is he going to visit?
 She is going to visit.  She isn’t going to visit  Is she going to visit?
 It is going to visit.  It isn’t going to visit  Is it going to visit?
 We are going to visit.  We aren’t going to visit  Are we going to visit?
 They are going to visit.  They aren’t going to visit  Are they going to visit?

Click here for the “Be going to” Future Tense sentence formation section

Present Perfect Tense Sentence Formula

Subject + have/has + Verb (past participle)

Present perfect tense formula with example sentences
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I have lost.  I have not lost.  Have I lost?
 You have lost.  You have not lost. Have you lost?
 He has lost.  He has not lost.  Has he lost?
 She has lost.  She has not lost.  Has she lost?
 It has lost.  It has not lost.  Has it lost?
 We have lost.  We have not lost. Have we lost?
 They have lost.  They have not lost. Have they lost?

Click here for the Present Perfect Tense sentence formation section

Similar pages:
>> Timelines of English tenses with images.
>> Formation of tenses with animated sentences.