Table of Contents
- ⬤ What is the modal “can” shortly?
- ⬤ Formation of “can”
- ⬤ Positive (Affirmative) form of “can”
- ⬤ Negative form of “can”
- ⬤ Interrogative form of “can”
- ⬤ Sentence forms of “can”
- ⬤ Explanations and usages of modal “can” and explanations
- ⬤ Pictures to learn “can”
- ⬤ A dialogue to learn “can”
- ⬤ Translate the sentences about “can” into your native language.
- ⬤ Sentence scramble game about “can”
- ⬤ Example sentences to learn “can”
- ⬤ Questions and with answers about “can”
- ⬤ Reading passage
⬤ What is the modal “can” shortly?
“Can” is a modal auxiliary verb. It is used to indicate abilities, to make requests, to indicate probability, or to give permissions. It is one of the auxiliary verbs called “modal verbs” in English. It does not change according to the subjects. So there is no different situation for “He, she, It”. The verb that follows is always infinitive, so it is very easy to learn “can” in English.
⬤ Formation of “can”
To make affirmative sentences we use “can + verb”. For negative sentences we use “cannot” or “can’t“. For questions we put the auxiliary “can” before the subject. The following animated sentences are examples of “can”.
⬤ Positive (Affirmative) form of “can”
To form positive sentences just use a bare for of a verb after “can”.
- I can swim.
- They can watch TV.
- Linda can play chess.
- My friends can play football.
⬤ Negative form of “can”
To make negative sentences with “can” we use “not” together with “can“. The short form is “can’t”
- I can’t sleep well.
- Nancy can’t understand the teacher.
- Cats can’t fly.
- She can’t keep secrets.
⬤ Interrogative form of “can”
To make questions (interrogative) with “can” we put “can” before the subject.
- Can you play basketball?
- Can I open the window?
- Can I ask a question?
- Can I help you?
- Where can I go for holiday?
- How can I speak English?
⬤ Sentence forms of “can”
|(+) Affirmative sentences||(-) Negative sentences||(?) Interrogative sentences|
|I can play.||I can not play.||Can I play?|
|You can play.||You can not play.||Can you play?|
|He can play.||He can not play.||Can he play?|
|She can play.||She can not play.||Can she play?|
|It can play.||It can not play.||Can it play?|
|We can play.||We can not play.||Can we play?|
|They can play.||They can not play.||Can they play?|
⬤ Explanations and usages of modal “can” and explanations
You can learn usages and explanations of “can” below with examples.
⬤ 1- Ability
“Can” is used to describe an ability.
- I can jump high, but my brother can’t.
- She can sing a song.
- My grandfather can use a computer.
⬤ 2- Possibility
“Can” is also used to describe possibility or probability.
- It can rain tomorrow.
- I can come with you.
- Can they win the game?
- We can stay at home.
- I can arrive at about 6 PM.
- What do you think? Can I get 100 points?
⬤ 3- Permission
To give permission or to ask for permission we can use “can”, as well.
- OK. You can go.
- Excuse me. Can I sit here?
- Can I ask a question?
- Can I come in?
⬤ 4- Requests
- Can I have a coffee, please?
- Can you help me, please?
- Can I have a glass of water, please?
⬤ Pictures to learn “can”
You can learn “can” with images and example sentences below.
⬤ A dialogue to learn “can”
Here is a dialogue to learn “can”. You can make similar dialogues.
Can you find my glasses, James?
I can’t find them anywhere.
Can you wait for sometime.
Because mom is on the phone.
OK. You can look for it after your call.
⬤ Translate the sentences about “can” into your native language.
You can see random examples of “can” below. Translate them into your native language.
⬤ Sentence scramble game about “can”
You will see scrambled words of sentences that includes “can”. Click on the words in order to make sentences.
⬤ Example sentences to learn “can”
You can see many sentences to learn the modal auxiliary “can”.
➔ 10 examples of “can”
- I can speak English a little.
- I can buy that dress.
- You can join our club.
- Mr. Davis cannot use a PC.
- I can’t stand lies.
- You can visit a lot of historical places here.
- Jennifer can’t save money.
- If you have a problem, you can call me
- I can’t eat with my left hand.
- My daughter can wear her clothes.
⬤ Questions and with answers about “can”
Read the questions and the answers below to learn how to use “can”.
➔ 10 questions and answers about “can”
- Can I use your phone, please?
Yes, you can.
- Can you hear me?
Yes, I can hear you.
- Can you catch fish?
No, I can’t catch fish.
- Can you make a kite?
Yes, I can make a kite.
- Can I ask a question, please?
Yes, you can.
- Can penguins fly?
No, they can’t fly.
- Where can I park my car?
You can park your car there.
- How can I go to the museum?
You can go by taxi.
- How can I learn to play tennis?
You can go to a tennis club.
- Who can fly a drone?
Kevin can fly a drone.
- Can you design a toy?
Yes, I can design a toy.
⬤ Reading passage
You can read the passage below to learn the modal “can”.
➔ Reading passage:
My name is Adrian. I am an amateur footballer. I can play different games, but football is my favourite. I can run fast. I can control the ball very well. I am a footballer, so I can’t eat junk food. Because it is not good for my body. I can only eat healthy food. My friends can play well, too. We have a good team. I think, we can be the champion this year.