Verb to be (am, is, are) – Learn with Games and Exercises

verb to be (am, is, are) grammar explanation
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The verb to be or “am, is, are”

The verb to be is also called “am, is, are“. We use the verb to be to express present states and conditions. We can use “am, is, are” followed by a noun, adjective, preposition, or phrase.

  • He is a doctor.
  • My bike is new.
  • Alice is out.
  • Here is the number of the my friend.

Formation of verb to be

To make affirmative (positive) sentences we use am, is, are after the subject. For negative sentences we add “not” after the verb to be. To make questions we put “am, is, are” before the subject. See the chart below to learn the structure of the verb to be.

  Is Why is 

Mike

isis not is not is

in his room.

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Verb to be (am, is, are) Formation
(+) Affirmative form (-) Negative form (?) Question form
 I am happy.  I am notin the office.  Am I right?
 He is fine.  He isn’t ready.  Is he a teacher?
 They are my friends.  They aren’t good at basketball.  Are they in your class?

Example sentences:

  • (+) Sally is in the park now.
  • (-) Sally isn’t in the park now.
  • (?) Is Sally in the park now?
  • (?) Why is Sally in the park now?

Use of “am, is, are” according to the subjects

The verb to be (am, is, are) Formula
(+) Affirmative sentences (-) Negative sentences (?) Interrogative sentences
 I am  I am not  Am I ?
 You are  You aren’t  Are you ?
 He is  He isn’t  Is he ?
 She is  She isn’t  Is she ?
 It is  It isn’t  Is it ?
 We are  We aren’t  Are we ?
 They are  They aren’t  Are they ?

Explanations and usages of verb to be with examples

Usage of verb to be with nouns

Example sentences

  • I am a student.
  • It is a bird.
  • They are doctors.
  • Is she a nurse?

Usage of verb to be with adjectives

Example sentences

  • She is old.
  • Mike is tired.
  • It is cold.
  • They are young.
  • Are you sure?

Usage of verb to be with prepositions such as “in, on, at, to, for, from, with etc.”

Example sentences

  • I am in my car.
  • She is at home.
  • We are from Germany.
  • The flower is for you.

Learn verb to be (am, is, are) with images and example sentences.

You can learn the verb to be (am, is, are) with images and example sentences below.

A dialogue about the verb to be (am, is, are)

Here is a dialogue to learn the verb to be (am, is, are). You can make similar dialogues.

  1. Dad.

    Are you busy tonight?

  2. No, I’m not.

    I am free all day.

  3. It is not cold outside.

    We can talk a little in the park.

  4. Sure.

    What’s the problem?

  5. I am worried about my son.

    He is a little bit rude nowadays.

    You are his grandfather and

    your advice is important for me.

  6. OK.

    I am sorry to hear that.

    See you at 8PM.

  7. OK

Translate the sentences below into your native language.

You will see random examples of the verb to be (am, is, are) below. Please translate them into your native language.

Sentence scramble game about the verb to be (am, is, are)

You will see scrambled words of the verb to be (am, is, are) sentences. Click on the words in order to make meaningful sentences.


tries

Example sentences to learn verb to be (am, is, are)

These are examples sentences of verb to be. Read and try to understand these sentences.

10 example sentences :

  1. My sister is 6 years old.
  2. Paris is a city in France.
  3. Orange is a winter fruit.
  4. Gold is expensive to buy.
  5. Trains are more comfortable than cars.
  6. This is not my wallet.
  7. Is that your bicycle?
  8. My brother is married.
  9. I am from Italy.
  10. William is my best friend.

Questions and answers about verb to be (am, is, are)

You can see 10 questions with their answers here. Make similar questions and answers.

10 questions and answers

  1. How old are you?
    I am 19.
  2. Is he a good singer?
    Yes, he is good at singing and playing the guitar.
  3. Are the the students in the classroom?
    Yes, they are.
  4. What is the name of your pet?
    It is Barny.
  5. Where is are my glasses?
    They are on the table.
  6. How many books are there on the shelf?
    There are 9 books.
  7. Are you crazy about football?
    Yes, I am.
  8. Am I right?
    Yes, You are right?
  9. Which one is easy?
    This one is easy to do.
  10. Is it hot or cold outside?
    It is very cold.

Similar pages:
>> Learn simple present tense here
>> Learn present continuous tense here
>> Learn future simple tense (will) here
>> Learn be going to future tense here
>> Learn simple past tense here
>> Learn past continuous tense here
>> Learn present perfect tense here

External resources:
You can go on learning with our other games and activities on this category page. You can also learn the verb to be (am, is, are) on British Council page here, or watch a video here. You can also visit here to see some example sentences on WikiBooks. And
this is a pdf document from the British council to download.