Colour Names in English

Colours are properties of objects that we perceive with eyes. According to the intensity of the light colours have different degree of lightness and shades. There are many tones of colours but we name just a small number of them in our daily life. Artists, painters, designers and decorators are very familiar with the colours due to the creativity of their occupation.

Names of colours in English

Names of colours are basic English vocabulary, so it is essential to learn them well. The word “color” is common in United States but “colour” is common in the other English spoken countries. Here is a brief information about colours:

  • The widely known colours are: red, green, blue, yellow, black, white, orange, pink, purple, brown
  • Shades of colours are expressed with “light” which means it is closer to white and “dark” which means it is closer to dark.
    Examples: light green, dark green
  • You can use the suffix “-ish” to mean “not exactly but approximate”
    Examples: reddish, blueish
  • Colours are adjectives. This means it is used before nouns.
    Examples: a red car, my blue jeans, the big white mountain etc.
  • You can use colours with “verb to be”
    It is a yellow flower.
    The flower is yellow.
    Yellow is my favourite colour.
    The yellow flower is in the vase.
  • The colour “gray” is usually used in the U.S., but “grey” is mostly used in Britain and other countries.

Colours vocabulary in English with pronunciations

You can learn names of common colours in English here with pictures and pronunciations. If you click on a colour, you can listen the pronunciation of it.

Names of colours in English

Below you can see the list of colours that are widely used.

  • red
  • white
  • blue
  • yellow
  • orange
  • black
  • pink
  • purple
  • brown
  • navy blue
  • violet
  • beige
  • grey
  • green
  • silver
  • olive
  • gold
  • turquoise
  • light green
  • dark green

❯❯ Art vocabulary
❯❯ Photography vocabulary

Flashcards exercise

Here in this flashcards exercise you will see balloons in different colours. Guess the colours. When you are sure about the name of a colour, click on the flashcard to see the answer.

Flip cards exercise

This flip card exercise is useful to check your colours vocabulary knowledge. First, click on a card and try to guess the name of the colour in your native language.

flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image
flip card image

Example sentences using the colours

  1. I have got blue eyes.
  2. My bike is red.
  3. This is a purple ball.
  4. Is that green?
  5. I like black caps.
  6. They are white.
  7. There is a black cat under the tree.
  8. Pink is my favourite colour.
  9. The blue car is in the garden.
  10. I have a blue car.
  11. Emily has got dark green eyes.
  12. She has reddish shoes.
  13. It is a nice day. The sky is blue and there are some white clouds in the sky. Green grass lie under my feet. I am very happy.

Asking questions

How to ask questions about colours: We use “What colour….?” to ask colours in English.
What colour is it? > It is yellow.
What colour is your hair? My hair is black.
What colour are they? > They are pink.
What colour is her dress? > It is white and green.

“What is your favourite colour?”
My favourite colour is orange. (It is orange.)

Note: You can use “light” to mean less in degree and “dark” to mean more in degree while expressing colours.
a light green table cloth
a dark brown chair

Reading passage about colours vocabulary

I like blue. Blue is my favourite colour. My cap is blue and my T-shirts are blue. I wear blue-jeans, too. But my sister wears pink because she likes pink. All her dresses are pink. My mother likes wearing different colours. She likes green most. My father prefers black, because he wears suits at work. What about you? What is your favourite colour?

Images of colours vocabulary to download

Picture quiz

Do a quick quiz about colours vocabulary here. Select the colour of the balloon from the list. Every correct answer will add 10 points to your score.


Audio listening test with pictures

This test checks your listening skill about colours. First, click the play button and listen to the name of the colour. Then select the colour from the list of images. Try not to make mistakes, because your correct answers add 10 points to the score.


Writing test

This writing test is about colours vocabulary. First look at the balloon image and write the colour of it in the text box.



Spelling test

Check your spelling ability about colours here. First, click the start button and then listen to the colour by clicking the play button. Then write the colour you hear in the text box. For every correct answer you get 10 points.


Worksheets to download

You can practice colours vocabulary by the help of worksheets here. They are free to download and you can share these printable ESL worksheets, as well. They are in two different file formats: pdf and jpg image.

Colours flashcards worksheet Flashcards worksheet jpg image Flashcards worksheet pdf
Colours activity worksheet Activity worksheet jpg image Activity worksheet pdf
Colours word scramble game worksheet Word scramble game worksheet jpg image Word scramble game worksheet pdf
Colours word search puzzle worksheet Word search puzzle worksheet jpg image Word search puzzle worksheet pdf

External resource links:
We tried to give enough information about the colours in English. However, there are some external links that may help you. You can click here to watch a video about colours or here to do an exercise.

4.6/5 - (16 votes)



Share to...